The Catholic Church historically claimed not to be bound by one form of government over another, but was willing to cooperate with any type of government as long as the rights of God and the faithful were respected. Pius XI wrote in 1933: Although after the Second Vatican Council, which ended in 1965, the term “concordate” was dropped, it will reappear with the Polish Concorda of 1993 and the Portuguese Concorda of 2004. Another model of relations between the Vatican and different states developed following the declaration of the Second Vatican Council on religious freedom, Dignitatis humanae. [Citation required] From a Catholic point of view, the Church has the moral and theological right to establish diplomatic relations with states in order to reach agreements on the care of their members. This is the term libertas ecclesiae (freedom of the Church). A concordant is an agreement between the Holy See and a sovereign state that defines the relationship between the Catholic Church and the State in matters that concern both[1] i.e. the recognition and privileges of the Catholic Church in a given country and with secular issues that affect the interests of the Church. It is well known that the Catholic Church is never more bound to one form of government than to another, provided that the divine rights of God and of Christian conscience are guaranteed. It has no difficulty adapting to different civil institutions, be they monarchical or republican, aristocratic or democratic.

[4] In Colombia in 1994, a crisis erupted between the state and the Church, when Attorney General Gustavo de Greiff accused several bishops of having illegal contacts with FARC guerrillas. It turned out that, in the form of the Colombian concordat with the Holy See, members of the clergy could only be examined by ecclesiastical courts governed by canon law, and that bishops were therefore immune from the investigations of the civil authorities into what many in Colombia considered a serious crime. This is also the case in Côte d`Ivoire, where it is much larger sums. The Basilica of Yamoussoukro is estimated at $300 million and the additional operating costs of the world`s largest church are also protected from the 1992 concorda review with the Ivorian president.