A party seeking a transaction agreement under the agreement must prove that it is the result of mediation. The Convention sets out a number of means by which the parties can proceed, including the provision of a transaction agreement signed by the Ombudsman himself or confirmation that mediation has been carried out; or a certificate from the institution that managed the mediation. If none of these points is available, the convention also allows proof by other evidence acceptable to the competent authority implementing the agreement. It is not surprising that Singapore is playing a pioneering role in Asia in promoting agreement and mediation in order to consolidate Singapore`s position as an international centre for dispute resolution. Its proactivity is likely to pay off to consolidate this position in the long term, not least because mediation is seen as a means of resolving disputes in accordance with the Asian corporate culture, as it encourages the parties to work towards an acceptable outcome that preserves the face and maintains commercial relations. Indeed, several Asian jurisdictions have already adopted mediation laws in recent years, including Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia and China. Therefore, the Convention is one step closer to Singapore and perhaps gives it a slight lead over its biggest rival in the region – Hong Kong – as an alternative dispute resolution centre. The competent authority of the contracting party may also refuse to grant discharges if it is contrary to the public order of that party; or the subject matter of the dispute cannot be resolved by mediation according to the law of that party. However, it is not clear how the courts will set out the Singapore Convention or how often it is invoked in practice. As one commentator notes, a 500-member poll from the region, commissioned in 2016 by the Singapore Academy of Law, showed a clear preference for international trade arbitrations, with 71% preference for arbitrations, 24% in favour of mediation. Interviewees noted opposability, confidentiality and fairness as key factors in the mediation arbitration decision. The agreement applies to international MDAs concluded in writing by the parties to resolve an international trade dispute.