The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May has received a motion of no confidence within her own party, but the EU has refused to accept further changes. After being passed at second reading on Friday afternoon by 124 votes, the bill moves on to the next phase after the Christmas break. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The WAB agrees to withdraw Boris Johnson, which is a draft international treaty, into British law and gives the government permission to ratify it. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas: The legal protection of refugee children reunited with family members in the United Kingdom has been watered down. The bill removes, by Article 37, the obligations relating to unaccompanied children seeking asylum in the EU, with the obligation to make a declaration within two months of the adoption of the law. MEPs debated key areas of the law at second reading on Monday (January 13th).
Among the participants were the opposition spokesman for leaving the EU and the president of the Liberal Democrats in the Lords. The bill is now moving on to the second phase of the parliamentary process – the so-called committee phase. It will be the subject of a thorough analysis over the next three days, with MEPs proposing amendments. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. The withdrawal agreement also contains provisions for the United Kingdom to leave the Convention setting the status of European schools, with the United Kingdom bound by the Convention and accompanying regulations on accredited European schools until the end of the last academic year of the transition period, i.e. at the end of the spring semester 2020-2021.  Clause 31, which must provide in the October Act for Parliament`s approval for negotiations on future relations, has disappeared.